The International Protection of Journalists in Armed Conflict and Other Violent Situations
Australian Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 99-140, 2008
31 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2009
Date Written: October 8, 2009
Journalists and war correspondents have long assumed a special importance in investigating and documenting war crimes and other human rights violations in armed conflict. In recent years, threats to the safety of journalists have proliferated. This article considers how international law protects journalists and media personnel and objects from violence. The examines the legal regimes applicable in international armed conflict, followed by non-international conflict, and finally violent situations (or public emergencies) beneath the level of armed conflict (such as low-level insurgency, terrorism or other domestic unrest). While the normative legal frameworks protecting journalists and media objects are well developed, the application of those norms raises complex interpretive issues which are examined in this article, while there remains the residual problem - common to humanitarian law as a whole - of securing enforcement and implementation of those norms.
Keywords: law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, journalists, media, war crimes
JEL Classification: K10, K14, K30, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation