Evaluation of the Early Childhood Program Hogares Comunitarios De Bienestar in Colombia

32 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2009

See all articles by Raquel Bernal

Raquel Bernal

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Camila Fernández

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Carmen Elisa Flórez Nieto

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Alejandro Gaviria

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Paul René Ocampo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Belén Samper

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Fabio Sánchez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 9, 2009

Abstract

This document summarizes the main results of the Impact Evaluation Study of Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar in Colombia. During 2007, Universidad de los Andes and PROFAMILIA collected information for about twenty eight thousand children including participants and potential participants of the program and evaluated the effects of the intervention on nutritional status, health, cognitive and non-cognitive development of children. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant effect of the program on nutritional status measured by a reduction in the probability of chronic malnutrition of around 2 percentage points for children between the ages of 2 and 4. In addition, we report a negative effect of the program on children’s health as measured by incidence of diarrhea and respiratory illness. However, the negative effect declines as exposition to the program increases. The results also indicate positive effects on cognitive development of children with at least 15 months of exposition to the program and medium-run cognitive effects as measured by gains in standardized tests in fifth grade. Finally, we report significant improvement in psychosocial development of participants with at least 15 months of exposition to the program, in particular, better play interactions and lower play disconnection.

Keywords: Early childhood programs, estimation of treatment effects, nutrition, health, cognitive development, non-cognitive development

JEL Classification: I12, I38, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Bernal, Raquel and Fernández, Camila and Flórez Nieto, Carmen Elisa and Gaviria, Alejandro and Ocampo, Paul René and Samper, Belén and Sánchez Torres, Fabio, Evaluation of the Early Childhood Program Hogares Comunitarios De Bienestar in Colombia (July 9, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1486209 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1486209

Raquel Bernal (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Camila Fernández

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

Carmen Elisa Flórez Nieto

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
571-3324495 (Phone)
571-3324492 (Fax)

Alejandro Gaviria

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Paul René Ocampo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Belén Samper

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Fabio Sánchez Torres

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
+57 1 332 4495 (Phone)
+57 1 332 4492 (Fax)

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