The Optimal Distance to Port for Exporting Firms

16 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2009

See all articles by Thomas Gries

Thomas Gries

University of Paderborn

Wim Naudé

RWTH Aachen University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Maastricht School of Management

Marianne Matthee

North-West University

Date Written: 2008-06


Success in international trade depends, among other things, on distance from markets. Most new economic geography models focus on the distance between countries. In contrast, much less theorizing and empirical analysis have focused on how distances within a country - for instance, due to the location behavior of exporting firms - matter to international trade. In this paper, we contribute to the literature on the latter by offering a theoretical model to explain the optimal distance that an export-oriented firm would locate from a port. We present empirical evidence in support of the model.

Suggested Citation

Gries, Thomas and Naudé, Wim and Matthee, Marianne, The Optimal Distance to Port for Exporting Firms (2008-06). Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 513-528, August 2009, Available at SSRN: or

Thomas Gries (Contact Author)

University of Paderborn ( email )

Warburger St. 100
Paderborn, D-33098

Wim Naudé

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

Templergraben 55
52056 Aachen, 52056

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Maastricht School of Management ( email )

Endepolsdomein 150
Maastricht, Limburg 6201 BE

Marianne Matthee

North-West University ( email )

Private Bag X6001
Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences
Potchefstroom, Northwest 2520
South Africa

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