Rights in Immigration: The Veil as a Test Case
Israel Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 183, 2010
35 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last revised: 2 May 2011
Date Written: July 1, 2010
Immigration often involves situations in which people from a certain cultural and religious background immigrate to countries where the predominant cultural and religious background is quite different. This may result in attempts by receiving countries to restrict the new immigrants' cultural and religious practices. The paper uses the debate surrounding the wearing of the veil in Europe as a test case for the way in which recognition rights may be affected by the process of immigration. First, the paper maintains that the balance of rights and interests involved in conflicts over immigrants' rights changes along the process of immigration, and divides this process into three stages - the entry application, the application for citizenship, and the life as an immigrant in the receiving country. Subsequently, the paper lays out the conflicting rights and interests involved in the veil controversy - the conflict between immigrant and local cultures; the conflict between immigrants' religious liberty and state interests such as maintaining religious neutrality/laïcité, and protecting from the perceived threat of radical political Islam; the conflicting claims regarding the effects of veiling on women's equality. Finally, the paper analyzes each of these conflicts along the three stages of immigration and offers an assessment of the validity of the conflicting claims surrounding the veil in Europe on the basis of this analysis, claiming that the restrictions on wearing the veil in the public sphere are not justified, but that a much narrower restriction pertaining to some instances of the wearing of the full face burqa can be justified.
Keywords: Veil, Europe, Islam, Immigration, Religious Liberty, Women's Equality, Right to Culture
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation