44 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2009
We assess a prominent argument for local economic policies that favor locally-owned businesses ﾖ namely, that locally-owned firms are more likely to internalize the costs to the community of decisions to reduce employment and hence help to insulate cities from adverse economic shocks. We test this argument by examining how establishment-level employment responses to economic shocks are affected by establishment ownership. We find evidence hat some types of local ownership do insulate regions from economic shocks, although the clearest benefits do not come from small, independent businesses, but instead from corporate headquarters and, to a lesser extent, from small, locally-owned chains.
Keywords: employment stability, employment shocks, local ownership
JEL Classification: R11, R38, J23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Kolko, Jed and Neumark, David, Does Local Business Ownership Insulate Cities from Economic Shocks?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4415. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1489238