Management Control Systems and Contextual Variables in the Hospitality Industry

33 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2009  

Hasan Fauzi

Sebelas Maret University

Mostaq M. Hussain


Lois S. Mahoney

Eastern Michigan University

Date Written: October 16, 2009


Purpose – The paper examined management control systems (MCS) in Indonesian hospitality sector. This study examines the impact of six contextual factors at one time to determine the importance of each factor on the design of MCS.

Design/methodology/approach - The paper is based upon data collected through a survey sent to “star” hotels in Central Java, Indonesia. Using Chenhall (2003) design, a regression equation is run to examine the relationship between MCS and the contextual variables of environment, technology, structure, size, strategy and culture.

Findings - The paper finds that higher levels of the contextual variables of technology, structure, and culture are related to more sophisticated MCS while size is related to more traditional MCS.

Research limitations/implications - These findings are related to the hospitality industry in Indonesia. Future research could examine different settings (i.e. country, industry, etc) and investigate the effect of each contextual variable on the relationships between MCS and firm performance.

Originality/value - The present study extends the scope of MCS system in accounting literature by testing Chenhall (2003) works on the relationship between contextual variables and MCS. It attempts to fill the gap in contingency-based studies that have previously focused on one aspect of contingency by considering six contextual factors. Furthermore, this paper also contributes to a fuller understanding of MCS practices in Indonesia and the hospitality industry and helps management in determining its most effective design.

Keywords: Hospitality management, Management Control Systems, Indonesia, Contextual

JEL Classification: M40, M49

Suggested Citation

Fauzi, Hasan and Hussain, Mostaq M. and Mahoney, Lois S., Management Control Systems and Contextual Variables in the Hospitality Industry (October 16, 2009). Available at SSRN: or

Hasan Fauzi (Contact Author)

Sebelas Maret University ( email )

Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A
Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126

Mostaq M. Hussain

UNBSJ ( email )

Saint John, Canada
Saint John, New Brunswick E2L 4L5
506-6485805 (Phone)
506-648-5574 (Fax)

Lois S. Mahoney

Eastern Michigan University ( email )

Eastern Michigan University
Ypsilanti, Michigan, 48197
Ypsilanti, MI 48197
United States


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