Globalization and the Empowerment of Women: An Analysis of Spatial Dependence Via Trade and Foreign Direct Investment

44 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2009 Last revised: 29 Sep 2011

See all articles by Eric Neumayer

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Indra De Soysa

Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Date Written: November 5, 2010

Abstract

This article tests the hypothesis that higher women’s economic and social rights in foreign countries with which a country is connected via trade and FDI spill-over into higher rights among the laggards — a phenomenon known as spatial dependence. Analyzing women’s rights over the period 1981 to 2007 in a global sample and samples of countries at different stages of economic development, we find consistent evidence for spill-over effects via trade links, with the exception of a sample of low-income countries. We also find some evidence for similar effects via FDI, but only for economic rights and only in middle-income countries.

Keywords: women’s rights, spatial dependence, diffusion, globalization, trade, FDI

Suggested Citation

Neumayer, Eric and De Soysa, Indra, Globalization and the Empowerment of Women: An Analysis of Spatial Dependence Via Trade and Foreign Direct Investment (November 5, 2010). World Development, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 1065-1075, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1489927

Eric Neumayer (Contact Author)

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

Indra De Soysa

Norwegian University of Science and Technology ( email )

Trondheim NO-7491
Norway

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