Students' First Amendment Rights in the Age of the Internet: Off-Campus Cyberspeech and School Regulation
United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
March 1, 2009
Boston College Law Review, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2009
Public school students have been using the Internet to tease, bully, and ridicule their classmates, teachers, and schools. The Supreme Court has held that schools can punish students for some speech without violating the constitution, if it is uttered on school grounds during school hours. Courts, however, have been divided over when, if ever, schools may punish students for comparable off-campus cyberspeech. Because the Supreme Court has provided no direct guidance, this Note examines the Supreme Court’s view of students’ First Amendment rights on campus, the student-teacher relationship, and basic First Amendment principles to determine whether schools may punish students for off-campus cyberspeech that would otherwise be protected by the First Amendment. This Note concludes that although, in some circumstances, schools may punish students for off-campus cyberspeech that attacks their fellow students, it is unconstitutional for schools to do the same where the student speech targets teachers, administrators, or the school itself.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: student speech, cyberspeech, cyberbully, off-campus, first amendment, student rights, Tinker, Fraser, Hazelwood, Morse, secondary school, school regulation, myspace, facebook
Date posted: October 22, 2009 ; Last revised: May 24, 2014