Posted: 26 Oct 2009
Date Written: October 2009
This paper attempts to make visible the invisible Euro-Christian ethnocentrism and individualism in the ‘spiritual-but-not-religious’ discourse in social work. A critical analysis of the current literature on spirituality and social work, intertwined with the authors' personal narratives of spirituality and religion, calls into question the subject positions of social work authors who argue for differentiating spirituality from religion. We ask: From whose vantage point is the ‘spiritual-but-not-religious’ discourse produced? What gets legitimized and who gets excluded from this particular construction of spirituality? This paper deconstructs the power relations of race, ethnicity, and sexuality in the discourse of spirituality in social work. It destabilizes the assumption of spirituality as non-sectarian and inclusive. Contrary to many social work authors and educators' best intention of inclusivity, we contend that the ‘spiritual-but-not-religious’ discourse in social work may have inadvertently reproduced the process of colonial othering and further marginalization of racialized ethnic groups who are more often represented as ‘religious’.
Keywords: Spirituality, religion, subjectivity, narrative, colonialism, race, ethnicity, sexual diversity, reflexive practice, critical social work
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Wong, Yuk-Lin Renita and Vinsky, Jana, Speaking from the Margins: A Critical Reflection on the ‘Spiritual-But-Not-Religious’ Discourse in Social Work (October 2009). British Journal of Social Work, Vol. 39, Issue 7, pp. 1343-1359, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1493067 or http://dx.doi.org/bcn032