Moonlighting Over the Business Cycle

12 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2009

See all articles by Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

San Diego State University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jean Kimmel

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Using data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we examine the cyclicality of moonlighting by gender. We estimate a random-effects Tobit model of moonlighting among working men and women and find that while male moonlighting behavior does not fluctuate significantly with the business cycle, female moonlighting does. The cyclicality of female moonlighting has, nonetheless, varied over the course of the past 35 yr. Female moonlighting seemed to behave countercyclically during much of the 1980s and early 1990s, confirming the popular media belief that moonlighting is more likely to occur during periods of economic distress. Yet, this countercyclical behavior disappears during the 1993–1999 period to become procyclical by the early twentieth century. The recent procyclicality of female moonlighting supports the idea that female workers respond to a need for “just-in-time” employment following the economic upturn of the mid- to late 1990s. (JEL J2, E32)

JEL Classification: J2, E32

Suggested Citation

Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina and Kimmel, Jean, Moonlighting Over the Business Cycle. Economic Inquiry, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. 754-765, October 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1493447 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2008.00140.x

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (Contact Author)

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States
619-594-1663 (Phone)
619-594-5062 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jean Kimmel

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics ( email )

Kalamazoo, MI 49008
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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