Net Asset Value Discounts in Listed Private Equity Funds
CEFS Working Paper No. 2009-12
59 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2009 Last revised: 29 Nov 2010
Date Written: November 26, 2010
This paper investigates determinants and consequences of net asset value discounts in listed private equity funds. Listed private equity funds share characteristics of closed-end mutual funds and traditional unlisted private equity funds and can therefore offer insights into both. Our results have particular relevance to the pricing of unlisted private equity funds where no market prices are observable. We find that funds start at a zero initial premium and adapt to the long-term average of -26 % after two years. Premia can be explained by investor sentiment and to some extent by liquidity, but not by managerial ability. A decrease in premia over the first few quarters after a fund's IPO seems to be caused by the timing of fund IPOs. Private equity fund premia also depend on disclosure requirements and systematic risk, which suggests that some information about the fund's portfolio is not reflected in net asset values. Premia predict future stock returns, which also display seasonalities that are related to the calendar year as well as to the fund's fiscal year.
Keywords: Listed Private Equity, Private Equity, Venture Capital, Closed-end Fund Discount, Net Asset Value, Book-to-Market Ratio
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation