What is Network Governance and its Implications for Public Policy Formulation?

22 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2009

Date Written: October 23, 2009

Abstract

Governance has become a major ideology on the international and regional scene and is now gaining more and more prominence and popularity amongst public and private sector institutions in terms of a better approach towards achieving the core objectives and goals that their institutions had been set up to achieve whether profit or policy driven.

Fiji has also experienced the wave of “good governance” enthusiasts and the catch words of transparency and accountability have become the harbingers of open and active government that is endeavoring to rid itself of corruption, nepotism, conflict of interest and poor service and delivery of public goods.

Governance has been aptly described as the art of problem solving. In terms of public sector this takes place within a context that is governed by policy, legislation, organizational design, organizational culture and the external environment shaped by economic, social, political and cultural considerations. Given the myriad of policy inefficiencies currently being faced by the Fiji Government, governance principles could offer a solution or a mechanism by which policy formulation and implementation can be better implemented for the people.

Theories of Governance encompass a broad conceptual framework that continues to evolve with time. Some of the main theories are, Traditional Governance, Multi-level Governance, Digital Governance, Accountability, Leadership, Governance for Human Development, Governance and Dispute Resolution and Network Governance. The underlying beauty with the study of governance is that it can be applied to any field or discipline.

1. This paper will specifically look at Network Governance and its applicability to policy development within the public sector of Fiji. The paper will discuss the traditional model of government and the impact of “New Public Management” and its contribution to the concept of Network Governance.

2. I will then define Network Governance and discuss the underlying theoretical concepts; it will cover the advantages and disadvantages of Network Governance; then it will look at network participation; leadership of networks; funding and resolution of disputes; accountability and transparency within networks and whether networks can be democratic in nature.

3. I will then discuss what the modes of network governance and its practical application in Fiji particularly in the security sector.

Keywords: Network Governance, Public Policy, Fiji, Governance, Bureaucracy, Hierarchical Governance, Modes of Netwrok Governance

Suggested Citation

Wilikilagi, Viliame, What is Network Governance and its Implications for Public Policy Formulation? (October 23, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1494757 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1494757

Viliame Wilikilagi (Contact Author)

University of the South Pacific ( email )

Laucala Campus
Suva
Fiji

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