Supervisor–Subordinate Guanxi: Developing a Three-Dimensional Model and Scale

25 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2009

See all articles by Ying Chen

Ying Chen

Vanderbilt University

Ray Friedman

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior

Enhai Yu

North China Electric Power University

Weihua Fang

Beihang University (BUAA)

Xinping Lu

Capital University

Abstract

We develop a three-dimensional concept of supervisor–subordinate guanxi. This concept includes affective attachment, personal-life inclusion, and deference to supervisor. Based on this concept, we conducted three studies to develop and validate a three-dimensional supervisor–subordinate guanxi measure and to examine its relationship with related constructs, such as leader–member exchange. Results from Study 1 and Study 2 provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of the scale, while Study 3 demonstrates the scale's incremental validity and replicates results from Study 2. Furthermore, in Study 3, we found that the three dimensions of supervisor–subordinate guanxi had different significant effects on commitment, turnover intention, and procedural justice, providing further evidence of criterion-related validity. Overall, these empirical results provide support for our three-dimensional model of supervisor–subordinate guanxi.

Suggested Citation

Chen, Ying and Friedman, Raymond A. and Yu, Enhai and Fang, Weihua and Lu, Xinping, Supervisor–Subordinate Guanxi: Developing a Three-Dimensional Model and Scale. Management and Organization Review, Vol. 5, Issue 3, pp. 375-399, November 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1495302 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8784.2009.00153.x

Ying Chen

Vanderbilt University ( email )

2301 Vanderbilt Place
Nashville, TN 37240
United States

Raymond A. Friedman

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior ( email )

401 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203
United States
615-322-3992 (Phone)
615-343-7177 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://mba.vanderbilt.edu/faculty/rfriedman.cfm

Enhai Yu

North China Electric Power University ( email )

School of Business Administration,NCEPU
No. 2 Beinong Road, Changqing District
Beijing, Beijing 102206
China

Weihua Fang

Beihang University (BUAA) ( email )

37 Xue Yuan Road
Beijing 100083
China

Xinping Lu

Capital University ( email )

303 E. Broad St.
Columbus, OH 43215-3200
United States

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