Public-Private Sector Linkages in Research and Development: The Case of U.S. Agriculture

Posted: 28 Oct 2009

See all articles by Doug Parker

Doug Parker

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Federico Castillo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David Zilberman

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics

Date Written: 2001

Abstract

The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 gave U.S. universities and researchers property rights to innovations funded by federal money.This act led many universities to create Offices of Technology Transfer (OTTs) to assess innovations.The role of the OTT in the development of agricultural biotechnologies is evaluated.The five stages of the innovation process (research, development, product testing, production, and marketing) are discussed and evaluated in agricultural terms. The OTTs process of bringing innovations to the private sector (by soliciting and evaluating innovations, selling intellectual property rights, and monitoring and enforcing contracts) is explained, discussing this process in the agricultural field and discussing new roles of OTTs.Alternative institutional setups for conducting the innovation process are presented. Although OTTs provide a new link between universities and the commercial sector, traditional links, such as extension offices, should also be maintained, and the value of public research not leading to patents or royalties should not be overlooked. (AKP)

Keywords: Marketing, Product development, Intellectual property, R&D, Technology transfer, Technology transfer offices, Agriculture industry, Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, Biotechnology industry, Innovation process

Suggested Citation

Parker, Doug and Castillo, Federico and Zilberman, David, Public-Private Sector Linkages in Research and Development: The Case of U.S. Agriculture (2001). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 83, Issue 3, p. 736-741 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1495537

Doug Parker (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Federico Castillo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David Zilberman

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics ( email )

Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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