Impaling Dracula: How EU Accession Empowered Civil Society in Romania
West European Politics, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 119-141, 2009
Posted: 31 Oct 2009 Last revised: 24 Sep 2013
Date Written: October 30, 2009
Europeanisation scholars increasingly debate when and in what ways the European Union influences domestic politics. This article adopts a 'bottom-up' design and the process-tracing method to examine the influence of the EU enlargement context over the political power of the new social movements in Romania between 2000 and 2004 when the EU acquis was being negotiated. It finds that domestic civil society empowerment resulted from the nexus of three interacting causal pathways: the Executive's desire to accede to the EU; a transnational advocacy network, which included domestic NGOs, reinforcing the Executive's anticipatory self-constraint; and to a somewhat lesser extent, the Executive's self-identification with certain elements of the advocacy network, reinforced by a general concern for their external reputation.
Keywords: Rosia Montana, Dracula Park, central Executive, constructivism, Europeanization, Europeanisation, environmental NGOs, power, Romania, transnational networks, enlargement, Central and Eastern Europe
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