Gender Equality and Pension Systems: Critical Issues and Prospects for Italy
Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Econpubblica Centre for Research on the Public Sector, Working Paper No. 139
27 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2009 Last revised: 6 Nov 2009
Date Written: February 1, 2009
This work deals with the analysis and evaluation of the presence of gender disparities in European pension systems, with a special focus on Italy. We document the existence of gender gaps in the pension systems and we discuss their causes. We focus first on how the pension system design may indirectly generate differences in the amount of pensions. We then look at some specific characteristics of the pension systems which are directly tied to gender. We thus turn to the labour market and describe the gender disparities arising there which are then perpetuated by the pension system. The role of women in providing care is also crucial in determining the observed outcomes during retirement. We finally look at population ageing and its effects on gender inequalities in the pension system and we conclude with some policy suggestions.
Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.
Keywords: gender economics, pension systems
JEL Classification: J16, H55
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation