Gender Culture and Gender Gap in Employment

Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Econpubblica Centre for Research on the Public Sector Working Paper No. 143

28 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2009

See all articles by Pamela Campa

Pamela Campa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alessandra Casarico

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 15, 2009

Abstract

This paper analyzes to what extent gender culture affects gender gap in employment. Drawing on Italian data, we measure culture by building two indices: one based on individual attitudes, as done in the existing literature; one based on firms' attitudes. Firms' beliefs, which express their set of ideas, values and norms, though generally neglected, are as important as individuals' attitudes to explain female balor market outcomes. Using an instrumental variable analysis, we show that our index of gender culture based on firms' attitudes is significant in explaining gender gap in employment in Italian provinces. We show that the same holds when culture is measured with reference to individual attitudes.

Keywords: firm's culture, Italian provinces, instrumental variable

JEL Classification: JI6

Suggested Citation

Campa, Pamela and Casarico, Alessandra and Profeta, Paola, Gender Culture and Gender Gap in Employment (July 15, 2009). Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Econpubblica Centre for Research on the Public Sector Working Paper No. 143. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1499654 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1499654

Pamela Campa (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Alessandra Casarico

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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