Intangible Capital and Firms Productivity

31 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2009 Last revised: 5 May 2013

See all articles by Emanuela Marrocu

Emanuela Marrocu

Universita di Cagliari - Centre for North South Economic Research (CRENOS)

Raffaele Paci

University of Cagliari - Centre for North South Economic Research (CRENOS)

Marco Pontis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: November 4, 2009

Abstract

Firms competitive strategy in industrialised countries is increasingly based on activities such as the inventions of new processes and products, the improvements of the employees skill, the creation of a reputation for company’s products. All these actions intend to increase firms economic performances and are labeled as “intangible capital.” The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of intangible capital on firms productivity in addition to the one played by traditional inputs. Firms productivity may also depend on the socio-economic conditions of the region where the firm is located. Therefore, we also control for the physical endowments of the region (public capital, infrastructures) as well as for several types of intangible assets specific to the region (human, technological and social capital) which operate as positive externalities to the localised firms. In our empirical application we employ a large panel of European companies over the period 2002-2006 belonging to 116 regions of six countries. The estimation results show the positive influence of the internal intangible capital on firms productivity levels and also the crucial role played by the intangible assets at the regional level. These results remark the importance of policies designed to stimulate the accumulation of intangible capital stocks internal to the firms through appropriate fiscal policies and to create a favourable external environment based on high endowments of human, social and technological capital.

Keywords: productivity, intangible capital, local externalities, European regions

JEL Classification: D24, O30, C33, R10

Suggested Citation

Marrocu, Emanuela and Paci, Raffaele and Pontis, Marco, Intangible Capital and Firms Productivity (November 4, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1499761 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1499761

Emanuela Marrocu

Universita di Cagliari - Centre for North South Economic Research (CRENOS) ( email )

V. S. Ignazio 78
Cagliari, 09124
ITALY
+39.0706753764 (Phone)
+30.0706753760 (Fax)

Raffaele Paci (Contact Author)

University of Cagliari - Centre for North South Economic Research (CRENOS) ( email )

Viale S. Ignazio, 78
Cagliari I-09123
Italy
+70-6753764 (Phone)
+70-6753760 (Fax)

Marco Pontis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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