The German Elections in the 1870s: Why Germany Turned from Liberalism to Protectionism

36 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2009

See all articles by Sibylle Lehmann

Sibylle Lehmann

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods; Trinity College (Dublin) - Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS)

Date Written: October 2009

Abstract

In 1878 the liberal parties lost enough votes to loose the majority in the parliament which they had defended in the general election just one year before. In this paper, the question of where the voters came from and why the voting changed so crucially within one year are re-examined. The analysis uses a new set of data aggregated at a lower level than those examined by previous stud-ies and makes use of King’s Algorithm, a tool provided by modern political science. The main finding of this paper is that the change towards protectionism was not caused by new, but by floating voters from the agricultural sector.

JEL Classification: C11, D78, H83, N43

Suggested Citation

Lehmann, Sibylle, The German Elections in the 1870s: Why Germany Turned from Liberalism to Protectionism (October 2009). MPI Collective Goods Preprint, No. 2009/34. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1500308 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1500308

Sibylle Lehmann (Contact Author)

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

Trinity College (Dublin) - Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS) ( email )

The Sutherland Centre, Level 6, Arts Building
Trinity College
Dublin 2
Ireland

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