Effect of Labor Division between Wife and Husband on the Risk of Divorce: Evidence from German Data

18 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2009  

Kornelius Kraft

University of Dortmund - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Stefanie Neimann

Technical University of Dortmund

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Abstract

Using German panel data from 1984 to 2007, we analyze the impact of labor division between husband and wife on the risk of divorce. Gary Becker's theory of marriage predicts that specialization in domestic and market work, respectively, reduces the risk of separation. Traditionally, the breadwinner role is assigned to the husband, however, female labor force participation and their wages have risen substantially. Our results suggest that there are gender-specific differences, e.g. female breadwinner-couples have a substantially higher risk of divorce than male breadwinner-couples. In contrast, the equal division does not significantly alter the probability of separation.

Keywords: divorce, labor division, Germany

JEL Classification: J12, J22

Suggested Citation

Kraft, Kornelius and Neimann, Stefanie, Effect of Labor Division between Wife and Husband on the Risk of Divorce: Evidence from German Data. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4515. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1501931

Kornelius Kraft (Contact Author)

University of Dortmund - Department of Economics ( email )

D-44221 Dortmund
Germany
+49 231 755-3152 (Phone)
+49 231 755-3155 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Stefanie Neimann

Technical University of Dortmund ( email )

Emil-Figge-Stra├če 50
Dortmund, 44227
Germany

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