Conceptualising the Heterogeneity of Research-Based Spin-Offs: A Multi-Dimensional Taxonomy

Posted: 9 Nov 2009

See all articles by Philippe Mustar

Philippe Mustar

École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris - Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI)

Marie Renault

École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris - Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI)

Massimo G. Colombo

Politecnico di Milano

Evila Piva

Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale

Margarida Fontes

Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia

Andy Lockett

Nottingham University Business School (NUBS)

Mike Wright

Nottingham University Business School

Bart Clarysse

Vlerick Business School

Nathalie Moray

Ghent University - Department of Management and Entrepreneurship

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

Research-based spin-offs (RBSOs) have become an important aspect of the technology transfer process. Emanating from what is conventionally a non-commercial environment, RBSOs pose major challenges if they are to realise their potential to meet the objectives of their founders and the parent research organisations (PROs) from which they emerge. An important issue is to understand the heterogeneity of RBSOs. This paper reviews the literature on RBSO typologies to develop a taxonomy of RBSOs. We identify common themes in relation to these typologies in relation to (1) spin-off creation and (2) spin-off development. The dimensions that differentiate between firms are the type of resources, the business model and the institutional link. We identify gaps in current typologies in order to propose avenues for future conceptual and empirical research.

Keywords: Academic research, Technology transfer, Commercialization, University spinouts, Public research organizations, Colleges & universities, Technology based firms, Firm gestation, Firm growth, Public policies, Firm strategies, Innovation process

Suggested Citation

Mustar, Philippe and Renault, Marie and Colombo, Massimo G. and Piva, Evila and Fontes, Margarida and Lockett, Andy and Wright, Mike and Clarysse, Bart and Moray, Nathalie, Conceptualising the Heterogeneity of Research-Based Spin-Offs: A Multi-Dimensional Taxonomy (March 2006). Research Policy, Vol. 35, Issue 2, p. 289-308 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1502050

Philippe Mustar (Contact Author)

École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris - Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI) ( email )

60 Boulevard Saint Michel
Paris cedex 06, 75272
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.csi.ensmp.fr/en/equipe/chercheurs/philippe-mustar

Marie Renault

École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris - Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI) ( email )

60 Boulevard Saint Michel
Paris cedex 06, 75272
France

Massimo G. Colombo

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32
20113 Milan
Italy

Evila Piva

Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32
Milano, 20133
Italy

Margarida Fontes

Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia ( email )

Lisbon
Portugal

HOME PAGE: http://www.lneg.pt/colaboradores/margarida.fontes@lneg.pt

Andy Lockett

Nottingham University Business School (NUBS) ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Mike Wright

Nottingham University Business School ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom
+44 115 951 5257 (Phone)
+44 115 951 5204 (Fax)

Bart Clarysse

Vlerick Business School ( email )

Library
REEP 1
Gent, BE-9000
Belgium

Nathalie Moray

Ghent University - Department of Management and Entrepreneurship ( email )

Ghent, 9000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.feb.ugent.be/maneco/eng/homepage.asp?number=801001288137

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