Homeland Insecurities: A Critical Policy Analysis of the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act of 2006
2008-2009 McNair Research Journal, University of Oregon
35 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2009
Date Written: May 1, 2009
The post September 11th climate has produced a spate of legislation aimed at curbing the threat of both international and domestic terrorism. The Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act of 2006 (AETA), an amendment to the Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992 (AEPA), extends the Act’s protections to tertiary enterprises that conduct business with animal enterprises. Further, the AETA reclassifies certain crimes committed against animal enterprises as acts of terrorism. Critics of the legislation assert that it creates a “chilling effect” on legitimate protest activities while proponents argue that the AETA is necessary to address the increasing threat of “terrorist activities” against animal enterprises. This paper conducts a critical analysis of the AETA, discusses its implications within the larger American legal framework, and recommends possible modifications.
Keywords: terrorism, animal rights, ecoterrorism, September 11th
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