8 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2009 Last revised: 5 Jan 2010
Date Written: November 9, 2009
The N-effect reveals that the motivation to compete increases as the number of competitors decreases, controlling for overall expected payoffs (Garcia and Tor, 2009). In their thoughtful commentary, Mukherjee and Hogarth (in press) astutely reason that, given ability differences in the population, the greater sampling error (SE) in small-N settings increases weaker competitors' individual probability of winning, potentially causing a motivation gain on their part. The present commentary explains why SE is an unlikely theoretical account for Garcia and Tor's (2009) N-effect findings and experimentally demonstrates the persistence of the N-effect where an SE effect should not appear.
Keywords: Motivation, Competition, Judgement, Social Comparison
JEL Classification: C70, D70, K21, C91, C93
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Tor, Avishalom and Garcia, Stephen M., The N-Effect: Beyond Winning Probabilities (November 9, 2009). Psychological Science, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1502856