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Emerging Trends of Higher Education in Developing Countries

Annals, Vol. 47, No. 2

Posted: 10 Nov 2009  

Prof. Ravinder Rena

North-West University; Polytechnic of Namibia; University of the Western Cape; Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Date Written: November 10, 2009


Quality in Higher Education has become a primary agenda of the countries worldwide. In the context marked by expansion of higher education and globalization of economic activities, education has become a national concern in developing countries with an international dimension. To cope with this changing context, developing countries have been pressurized to ensure and assure quality of higher education at a nationally comparable and internationally acceptable standard. It is generally acknowledged that globalization has created tremendous impacts on higher education in this first decade of twenty-first century. Externally, there have been unprecedented changes both at global and national context. The benefits of globalisation accrue to the countries with highly skilled human capital and it is a curse for the developing countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean without such specialised human capital. This paper delves the recent trends of higher education in developing countries. It addresses the various challenges of higher education in the developing countries in the context of 21st century. Besides, the paper examines the response of higher education to globalization in developing countries and discusses the major challenges that the globalization brought to higher education.

Keywords: Higher education, developing countries, globalization, economic development, human capital, Information and communications technologies

JEL Classification: A22, A23, I22, I23, O12

Suggested Citation

Rena, Prof. Ravinder, Emerging Trends of Higher Education in Developing Countries (November 10, 2009). Annals, Vol. 47, No. 2. Available at SSRN:

Ravinder Rena (Contact Author)

North-West University ( email )

Hoffman Street
Potchefstroom, 2520
South Africa


Polytechnic of Namibia ( email )

13 Storch Street
Private Bag 13388
Windhoek, Khomas 13388


University of the Western Cape ( email )

Private Bag X 17
Economics, Faculty of Economic and Management Scie
Bellville, Western Cape 7535
South Africa
0027219593624 (Phone)
0027219593201 (Fax)


Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

Private Mail Bag 411
Lae, Morobe 411
Papua New Guinea


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