Scholarly Communities in Entrepreneurship Research: A Co-Citation Analysis

Posted: 11 Nov 2009

See all articles by Henri Schildt

Henri Schildt

Aalto University - Institute of Strategy and Intl. Business

Shaker A. Zahra

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Antti Sillanpaa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

Entrepreneurship research is often perceived asdiverse, fragmented, in ferment, and noncumulative, which handicaps thedevelopment of the field as a respected discipline. This study attempts toaddress these concerns by mapping the structures of entrepreneurial researchand categorizing streams of entrepreneurship research. Bibliometric techniques are used to quantitatively analyze co-citationpatterns or networks in 733 articles in 30 journals. Twenty-five groups ofcited literature in entrepreneurship were identified, which reflect distinctthemes in research; many groups are related. Only the ten most-cited groups are described and graphed. These are: (1)entrepreneurial networks and resource accumulation; (2) corporateentrepreneurship and venturing; (3) conceptualizations of entrepreneurialprocesses; (4) value creation from corporate entrepreneurship; (5) alertness,opportunity creation, and creative destruction; (6) psychologicalcharacteristics of entrepreneurs; (7) qualitative research methods; (8)entrepreneurial firm survival and growth; (9) societal consequences ofentrepreneurship; and (10) born-global firms. Of these groups, 1 and 3 to 5 are the most central groups and groups 3 and 5are growing significantly, while groups 2, 4, and 6 are declining. Fourqualities of entrepreneurship research are revealed: (1) research remainshighly fragmented; (2) research findings appear to be noncumulative; (3)non-U.S. countries exhibit their own strong traditions; and (4) core researchareas widely cited within entrepreneurship are not cited by those outside thefield, suggesting entrepreneurship researchers are not communicating welloutside the field. (TNM)

Keywords: Entrepreneurship research, Scholarly communities, Intellectual structure, Resource acquisition, Social networks, Corporate entrepreneurship, Opportunity recognition, Psychological traits, Qualitative methods, Firm growth, Firm survival, Born global firms, Bibliometrics, Academic fields, Academic research, Scholarly publications

Suggested Citation

Schildt, Henri and Zahra, Shaker A. and Sillanpaa, Antti, Scholarly Communities in Entrepreneurship Research: A Co-Citation Analysis (2006). Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 30, Issue 3, p. 399-415 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1503825

Henri Schildt (Contact Author)

Aalto University - Institute of Strategy and Intl. Business ( email )

Finland

Shaker A. Zahra

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )

19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Antti Sillanpaa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
430
PlumX Metrics