Principles and Development of Natural Intelligence

Journal of Social and Biological Structures Vol. 11, pp. 293-322, 1988

28 Pages Posted: 12 Nov 2009

See all articles by David G. Hays

David G. Hays

affiliation not provided to SSRN

William L. Benzon

Independent

Date Written: 1988

Abstract

The phenomena of natural intelligence can be grouped into five classes, and a specific principle of information processing, implemented in neural tissue, produces each class of phenomena. (1) The modal principle subserves feeling and is implemented in the reticular formation. (2) The diagonalization principle subserves coherence and is the basic principle, implemented in neocortex. (3) Action is subserved by the decision principle, which involves interlinked positive and negative feedback loops, and resides in modally differentiated cortex. (4) The problem of finitization resolves into a figural principle, implemented in secondary cortical areas; figurality resolves the conflict between pro-positional and Gestalt accounts of mental representations. (5) Finally, the phenomena of analysis reflect the action of the indexing principle, which is implemented through the neural mechanisms of language.

These principles have an intrinsic ordering (as given above) such that implementation of each principle presupposes the prior implementation of its predecessor. This ordering is preserved in phylogeny: (1) mode, vertebrates; (2) diagonalization, reptiles; (3) decision, mammals; (4) figural, primates; (5) indexing. Homo sapiens sapiens. The same ordering appears in human ontogeny and corresponds to Piaget's stages of intellectual development, and to stages of language acquisition.

Keywords: intellilgence, brain, phylogeny, ontogeny, cognition, development, evolution

Suggested Citation

Hays, David G. and Benzon, William L., Principles and Development of Natural Intelligence (1988). Journal of Social and Biological Structures Vol. 11, pp. 293-322, 1988. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1504212

David G. Hays

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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