Levels of Analysis in Entrepreneurship Research: Current Research Practice and Suggestions for the Future

Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Per Davidsson

Per Davidsson

Queensland University of Technology - Brisbane Graduate School of Business

Johan Wiklund

Syracuse University

Date Written: 2001

Abstract

Highlights the different levels of analysis used in entrepreneurship research. Level of analysis is considered to be the hierarchy of aggregation of data, from micro (e.g., individuals) to macro (e.g., region). In order to identify the levels of analysis, 63 articles published in 1998 in the journals Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice (ETP), Journal of Business Venturing (JBV), and Entrepreneurship and Regional Development (ERD) were contrasted with 64 articles from the 1988 JBVs and the 1989 ETPS and ERDs. This sample contained both empirical and conceptual articles. Results show that the majority of entrepreneurship research involves micro-level analysis focused on the firm or individual. The use of micro level analysis has increased over the years, and more specifically, the firm has become the dominant level of analysis. The progress made in the various level of analysis is then explored with emphasis on individual and team levels, firm level, industry/population level, regional level, and national level. In addition, suggestions are presented as to how to further improve entrepreneurship research. Included are the use of new enterprise as a level of analysis and the retention of an interest in societal-level outcomes. (SRD)

Keywords: Entrepreneurship research, Entrepreneurs, Research design, Organization theory, Research methods, Startups

Suggested Citation

Davidsson, Per and Wiklund, Johan, Levels of Analysis in Entrepreneurship Research: Current Research Practice and Suggestions for the Future (2001). Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 25, Issue 4, p. 81-99 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1504474

Per Davidsson (Contact Author)

Queensland University of Technology - Brisbane Graduate School of Business ( email )

Brisbane
Australia
+61 7 3864 2051 (Phone)
+61 7 3864 1299 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.qut.edu.au/ph_server_query.do

Johan Wiklund

Syracuse University ( email )

Whitman School of Management
720 University Avenue
Syracuse, NY 13244-2130
United States

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