‘Cultural Defence’ of Nations: Cultural Citizenship in France, Germany and the Netherlands

19 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Liav Orgad

Liav Orgad

Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah - Radzyner School of Law; European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS); WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Abstract

This article presents a new development in European immigration policy. Focusing on France, Germany and the Netherlands, I describe a process of ‘culturalisation’ of admission and citizenship rules in Europe intended to reinforce liberal values and national identity. I then suggest a two-stage set of immigration-regulation principles: in the first stage, immigrants would have to accept some structural liberal-democratic principles as a prerequisite for admission. While Europe has criteria for state admission, anchored by the Copenhagen Criteria, Europe has not yet formalised definite criteria for immigrants' admission. In the second stage, as part of the naturalisation process, immigrants would be expected to recognise and respect constitutional principles essential for obtaining citizenship of a specific state. I call this concept ‘National Constitutionalism’.

Suggested Citation

Orgad, Liav, ‘Cultural Defence’ of Nations: Cultural Citizenship in France, Germany and the Netherlands. European Law Journal, Vol. 15, Issue 6, pp. 719-737, November 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1505702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0386.2009.00487.x

Liav Orgad (Contact Author)

Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah - Radzyner School of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 167
Herzliya, 46150
Israel
+972-9-9527329 (Phone)

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.liavorgad.com

WZB Berlin Social Science Center ( email )

Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin, 10785
Germany

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