Adolescent Motherhood and Secondary Schooling in Chile

32 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Diana I. Kruger

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Rodrigo Navia

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso

Abstract

We analyze the determinants of adolescent motherhood and its subsequent effect on high school attendance and completion in Chile. Using eight rounds of household surveys, we find that adolescents who were born to teen mothers, those that live in poor households and in single-mother families, are more likely to have children, while access to full-time high schools reduces the likelihood of motherhood. We then estimate the effect of adolescent motherhood on the probability of high school attendance and completion. Using an instrumental variables approach to control for possible endogeneity between teen pregnancy and schooling, we find that being a mother reduces the probability of high school attendance and completion by 24 to 37 percent, making it the most important determinant of high school desertion, which implies that policies aimed at reducing early childbearing will have immediate, important effects on their school attainments.

Keywords: adolescent motherhood, high school completion, high school desertion, Chile

JEL Classification: J13, O12, O15

Suggested Citation

Kruger, Diana I. and Berthelon, Matias and Navia, Rodrigo, Adolescent Motherhood and Secondary Schooling in Chile. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4552. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1506304

Diana I. Kruger (Contact Author)

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Casilla 4059, Valparaiso, 2362736
Chile
56-32-27-33-52 (Phone)
56-32-27-34-24 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucv.cl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Rodrigo Navia

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Escuela de Comercio - UCV
Valparaiso, Valparaiso 2362736
Chile

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