Delaying the Bell: The Effects of Longer School Days on Adolescent Motherhood in Chile

34 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Diana I. Kruger

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Abstract

We analyze the effect of a Chilean school reform that lengthened the school day from half to full-day shifts on the likelihood that adolescent girls become mothers. By increasing the number of hours spent in school, the reform curtails opportunities to engage in risky sexual behaviors. Using Chile's socio-economic household surveys and administrative data from the Ministry of Education from 1990-2006, we exploit the exogenous time and regional variation in the implementation of the reform to identify the effects of increased education and adult supervision on the likelihood that adolescent girls become mothers. We find that access to full-day schools reduces the probability of becoming an adolescent mother among poor families and in urban areas: an increase in full-day municipal enrollment of 20% reduces the likelihood of teen motherhood by 5%.

Keywords: adolescent motherhood, adolescent pregnancy, school day reform, Chile

JEL Classification: H51, I18, I28, J13, O15

Suggested Citation

Kruger, Diana I. and Berthelon, Matias, Delaying the Bell: The Effects of Longer School Days on Adolescent Motherhood in Chile. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4553. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1506305

Diana I. Kruger (Contact Author)

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Casilla 4059, Valparaiso, 2362736
Chile
56-32-27-33-52 (Phone)
56-32-27-34-24 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucv.cl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

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