Business Accomplishments, Gender, and Entrepreneurial Self-Image

Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Roy Thurik

Roy Thurik

Montpellier Business School; Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Centre for Advanced Small Business Economics (CASBEC); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM); EIM Netherlands - Business and Policy Research; Tinbergen Institute

I. Verheul

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Lorraine M. Uhlaner

EDHEC Business School

Date Written: 2005

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine whethergender and business accomplishments influence the degree to which individualsperceive themselves to be entrepreneurs.Following a review of theliterature on the relationships among gender business accomplishments andentrepreneurial self-image, it is hypothesized that people with certainbusiness accomplishments will report a higher entrepreneurial self-image thanthose without such accomplishments. The second hypothesis predicts that women will report a lowerentrepreneurial self-image than men due to differences in particular businessaccomplishments. In other words, accomplishments will partially mediate therelationship between gender and entrepreneurial self-image.Data from asurvey of 207 alumni of a large Midwestern U.S. university were used to testthese hypotheses.Respondents, 148 male and 59 female, were asked abouttheir business accomplishments, as well as whether they considered themselvesentrepreneurs. Regression analyses of the survey data indicate thatbusiness owners, founders, and managers of small- and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs) are most likely to describe themselves as entrepreneurs.Corporateentrepreneurs, including intrapreneurs and innovators, are not likely to callthemselves entrepreneurs.The data also suggest that women are less likelythan men to view themselves as entrepreneurs and tend to engage in businessactivities that are not regarded by either gender as entrepreneurial.(SAA)

Keywords: Self-image, Females, Gender, Corporate entrepreneurship, Perceptions

Suggested Citation

Thurik, Roy and Verheul, Ingrid and Uhlaner, Lorraine M., Business Accomplishments, Gender, and Entrepreneurial Self-Image (2005). Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 20, Issue 4, p. 483-518 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1506774

Roy Thurik (Contact Author)

Montpellier Business School

France

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Centre for Advanced Small Business Economics (CASBEC) ( email )

3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands
+31 10 408 2232 (Phone)
+31 10 408 9146 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.thurik.com

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

EIM Netherlands - Business and Policy Research

Postbus 7001
2701 AA Zoetermeer
Netherlands
+31 79 341 3634 (Phone)
+31 79 331 3742 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Ingrid Verheul

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3062 PA Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands
+31 10 4081398 (Phone)
+31 10 4089146 (Fax)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Lorraine M. Uhlaner

EDHEC Business School ( email )

24 avenue Gustave Delory
Roubaix, 59057
France

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