Toward a Model of the Effective Transfer of Scientific Knowledge from Academicians to Practitioners: Qualitative Evidence from the Commercialization of University Technologies

Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Donald S. Siegel

Donald S. Siegel

Arizona State University

David Waldman

Arizona State University West

Leanne Atwater

University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business

Albert Link

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics

Date Written: 2004

Abstract

Key organizational issues in promoting successfulknowledge transfers are investigated using an inductive, qualitative approach.Data were obtained from 55 structured interviews of 98 university/industrytechnology transfer (UITT) stakeholders associated with five U.S. researchuniversities. It was concluded that there are numerous impediments to effectiveness inUITT: cultural and informational barriers among the three key stakeholder types(university administrators, academics, and firms/entrepreneurs), technologytransfer office (TTO) staffing and compensation practices, and inadequaterewards for faculty involvement in UITT. Further, many faculty members havedecided to circumvent the formal UITT process, and involvement in UITT mayactually increase the quantity and quality of basic research. Conclusions show that administrators who wish to promote commercializationneed to be conscious of the following organizational and managerial factors:(1) reward systems for UITT; (2) staffing practices in the TTO; (3) flexibleuniversity policies regarding technology transfer; (4) additional resources forUITT, if that is consistent with the university's mission; and (5) eliminatingcultural and informational barriers that impede the UITT process.(JSD)

Keywords: Entrepreneurial faculty, Reward systems, Technology transfer offices, Knowledge transfer, Technology transfer, Academic research, Firm performance

Suggested Citation

Siegel, Donald S. and Waldman, David A. and Atwater, Leanne and Link, Albert N., Toward a Model of the Effective Transfer of Scientific Knowledge from Academicians to Practitioners: Qualitative Evidence from the Commercialization of University Technologies (2004). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1506809

Donald S. Siegel (Contact Author)

Arizona State University ( email )

411 North Central
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States
6024961101 (Phone)

David A. Waldman

Arizona State University West ( email )

P.O. Box 37100
Phoenix, AZ 85069
United States
602-543-6231 (Phone)

Leanne Atwater

University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-6021
United States

Albert N. Link

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics ( email )

Greensboro, NC 27402-6165
United States
336-334-5146 (Phone)
336-334-4089 (Fax)

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