Leadership and Reform: Mapping the Causal Pathways of Performance Information Use

La Follette School Working Paper Series, No. 2009-018

27 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2009

See all articles by Donald P. Moynihan

Donald P. Moynihan

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy

Sanjay K. Pandey

George Washington University - Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration

Bradley E. Wright

University of North Carolina - Charlotte - Department of Political Science

Date Written: October 2, 2009

Abstract

This paper offers empirical evidence on a specific question: how does leadership foster the use of performance data? More broadly, it informs the ways in which we understand how leadership can influence the implementation of management reforms. Previous research suggests that leadership matters to performance information use among their employees, but underspecifies the causal processes by which this influence occurs. This paper uses structural equation modeling to suggest that transformational leadership has a positive but indirect effect on performance information use via two mediating factors: Goal clarity and organizational culture.

The results inform studies of leadership and reform by demonstrating how leadership can foster the effectiveness of new management systems. Even where leadership does not have a direct relationship on the reform outcome, it can still exert important indirect effects that could easily be missed by most methodologies.

Keywords: Performance management, data use, leadership, government

JEL Classification: D23, D73, D83

Suggested Citation

Moynihan, Donald P. and Pandey, Sanjay K. and Wright, Bradley E., Leadership and Reform: Mapping the Causal Pathways of Performance Information Use (October 2, 2009). La Follette School Working Paper Series, No. 2009-018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1507275 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1507275

Donald P. Moynihan (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy ( email )

Old North, Suite 100
37th & O Streets NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States

Sanjay K. Pandey

George Washington University - Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration ( email )

805 21st Street, NW
Suite 601
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Bradley E. Wright

University of North Carolina - Charlotte - Department of Political Science ( email )

9201 University City Boulevard
Charlotte, NC 28223
United States

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