An Update of 'Loosening Your Collar: Alternative Implementations of QQQ Collars': Credit Crisis and Out-of-Sample Performance
50 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2009 Last revised: 9 Mar 2011
Date Written: January 2011
This study provides an update to Szado and Schneeweis . The original study covered the period from March 1999 through May 2009. This updated study extends the period of analysis through September 2010. The credit crisis and the associated decline in equity markets rekindled new interest in option based equity collars and in protective strategies in general. In this paper we consider the performance of passive and active implementations of the collar strategy on the QQQ ETF as well as on a sample small cap equity mutual fund. As expected, the results of the analysis show that a passive collar is most effective (relative to a long underlying position) in declining markets and less effective in rising markets. This study also considers a more active implementation of the collar strategy. Rather than simply applying a set of fixed rules as for the passive collar, in the active collar adjusted strategy, we apply a set of rules which adapt the collar to varying economic and market conditions. This approach is similar to applying a set of tactical asset allocation rules to a set of investments. There are of course an unlimited number of conditioning factors that can be used to determine the strategy implementation. In this paper, for purposes of presentation, we combine three conditioning factors that have been suggested in academic literature (momentum, volatility, and a compound macroeconomic factor (unemployment and business cycle)) to generate a dynamic collar adjusted trading strategy. For the period of analysis, the active collar adjustment strategy tends to outperform the passive collar both in-sample as well as out-of-sample. Judgments as to the particular benefits of the passive and active collar strategies are, of course, dependent on the risk tolerance of the individual investor.
Keywords: Risk, management, QQQ, Collar, Active, Options, Strategy, Credit, Crisis
JEL Classification: G10, G11, G19, G23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation