The Longitudinal Business Database

Posted: 24 Nov 2009

See all articles by Ron S. Jarmin

Ron S. Jarmin

U.S. Census Bureau

Javier Miranda

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2002


In order to increase the reliability of economicresearch, the Center for Economic Studies at the U.S. Census Bureau has createdthe Longitudinal Business Database (LBD).The purpose of the LBD is toallow researchers to measure more accurately firm entry and exit, total jobflow, and variations in the structure of the U.S. economy. The characteristics of the LBD, especially the longitudinal aspects, aredescribed.The significance and concerns of past Census data sets, such asthe Standard Statistical Establishment List (SSEL), are examined.Thecreation of the LBD linkages, the use of the SSEL files, and the data gatheredfor the LBD are explained. The data include information regarding the firm ageand tenure, industry and geographic classifications, basic economic variables,and firm affiliation. The significance and uniqueness of the LBD is that it contains data from allindustrial sectors, from all employer establishments, from a variety ofbusiness locations and structures, and from numerous business cycles over thepast 25 years.The LBD data can easily be linked to other Census data toenhance our further understanding of participating firms. (AKP)

Keywords: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Longitudinal Business Database (U.S. Census Bureau), Industry sectors, Longitudinal research, Firm age, Geographic distribution, Firm turnover, Job creation, Longitudinal datasets, Firm survival, Closing firms

Suggested Citation

Jarmin, Ron S. and Miranda, Javier, The Longitudinal Business Database (2002). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship, Available at SSRN:

Ron S. Jarmin (Contact Author)

U.S. Census Bureau ( email )

4700 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

Javier Miranda

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

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