Characteristics, Costs and Issues for Organic Dairy Farming

50 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2009

See all articles by William D. McBride

William D. McBride

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Catherine Greene

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Date Written: November 1, 2009

Abstract

Organic milk production has been one of the fastest growing segments of organic agriculture in the United States in recent years. Despite the growing number of organic dairy operations, the characteristics of organic dairy operations and the relative costs of organic and conventional milk production have been difficult to analyze. This study, using 2005 ARMS data for U.S. dairy operations, which include a targeted sample of organic milk producers, examines the structure, costs, and challenges of organic milk production. The analysis addresses economies of size, regional differences, and pasture use in organic milk production and compares organic and conventional milk production costs. The findings suggest that economic forces have made organic operations more like conventional operations and that the future structure of the industry may depend on the interpretation and implementation of new organic pasture rules.

Keywords: dairy, organic, milk production, costs of production, pasture, Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS)

Suggested Citation

McBride, William D. and Greene, Catherine, Characteristics, Costs and Issues for Organic Dairy Farming (November 1, 2009). USDA Economic Research Report No. 82, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1510179 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1510179

William D. McBride (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5577 (Phone)

Catherine Greene

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5541 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
207
Abstract Views
1,131
Rank
274,524
PlumX Metrics