Identification, Individualization and Uniqueness: What's the Difference?
Posted: 24 Nov 2009
Date Written: June 2009
Criminalists and many forensic scientists concerned with the identification of trace evidence have distinguished between identification and individualization, but they have not distinguished as precisely between individualization and uniqueness. This paper clarifies these terms and discusses the relationships among identification, individualization and uniqueness in forensic science evidence.
Keywords: Identification, individualization, uniqueness, forensic science, trace evidence, DNA, fingerprints
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