Work-to-Family Conflict: A Comparison of American and Australian Family and Non-Family Business Owners

Posted: 24 Nov 2009

See all articles by Kosmas X. Smyrnios

Kosmas X. Smyrnios

RMIT University - School of Marketing

Claudio Romano

Capitalia Bank Holding

George Tanewski

Monash University - Department of Accounting

Paul Karofsky

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Robert G Millen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

Family business owners play multiple, interdependent,and often stress-inducing roles.The aim of this study is to test a causalmodel of stress-based conflict and family cohesion to family role performanceacross American and Australian family and non-family businessowners.There are a number of ways in which individuals create and modifywork-to-family links; examples include spillover and work-family conflict. Thestudy also investigates whether work-to-family mechanisms operate differentlyfor different types of work. Two thousand family firms in Australia and 850 U.S. family firms wereinvited to take the Australian Family Business Lifestyle Auditquestionnaire.Respondents answered questions regarding their jobsatisfaction, as well as the effects of work on their interpersonalrelationships. The results revealed, among other things, that work-to-interpersonalconflict is a greater stressor for owners of non-family businesses than fortheir family business counterparts and that inter-role conflict is notnecessarily more heightened in family business than in non-familybusiness.In other words, family cohesion acted as a buffer betweeninter-role conflict and family role performance.Distinct forms ofwork-family conflict should be identified and evaluated for their impact onoverall measures of role performance.(SAA)

Keywords: Australian Family Business Lifestyle Audit, Business owners, Family firms, Family-work relations, Interpersonal relations, Job satisfaction, Stress, Employee conflict

Suggested Citation

Smyrnios, Kosmas X. and Romano, Claudio and Tanewski, George and Karofsky, Paul and Millen, Robert G, Work-to-Family Conflict: A Comparison of American and Australian Family and Non-Family Business Owners (2002). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1511509

Kosmas X. Smyrnios (Contact Author)

RMIT University - School of Marketing ( email )

GPO Box 2476 V
Melbourne, Victoria 3000
Australia
+61 3 9925 1633 (Phone)
+61 3 9654 3000 (Fax)

Claudio Romano

Capitalia Bank Holding ( email )

Funzione Studi
00144 Roma
Italy

George Tanewski

Monash University - Department of Accounting ( email )

Building 11E
Clayton, Victoria 3800
Australia
+61 3 9903 2388 (Phone)
+61 3 9905 5475 (Fax)

Paul Karofsky

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Robert G Millen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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