Determinants of Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands

Posted: 24 Nov 2009

See all articles by I. Verheul

I. Verheul

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Danielle Longerbone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Reinder Prins

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Marieke van Ginkel

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

To identify the determinants of entrepreneurshipin the Netherlands, the recent history of entrepreneurship is divided intothree periods.Between 1960 and 1982, entrepreneurship levels dropped as aresult of the demand for mass-produced products, the introduction of welfareand social security policies discouraging self-employment, and the Dutchpeople's low opinion of business ownership as a career option. By the late 1980s, the number of entrepreneurs had stabilized.Thegovernment, determined to restore international competitiveness, encouragedbusiness ownership by reforming social security and reducing governmentspending.These changes were accompanied by the emergence among the Dutchof a more positive attitude toward self-employment.Between 1988 and 1998,the Dutch government launched campaigns and initiatives designed to promoteentrepreneurial activity and expressed a desire to turn the Netherlands into"an entrepreneurial society." Today, students are encouraged to develop entrepreneurial skills and toregard business ownership as a viable career option.The development ofentrepreneurship in the Netherlands is unique in that its period of decline wasnearly as pronounced as its revival in the 1990s.The history ofentrepreneurship in the Netherlands stands as testimony to the influencegovernment policy holds over entrepreneurial activity. (SAA)

Keywords: Social Security, Public policies, Career choices, Social welfare, Self-employment, Regulations, Cultural attitudes, International competition, Firm ownership

Suggested Citation

Verheul, Ingrid and Longerbone, Danielle and Prins, Reinder and van Ginkel, Marieke, Determinants of Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands (2002). Entrepreneurship: Determinants and Policy in a European-US Comparison, Vol. 27, 121-162 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1511549

Ingrid Verheul (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3062 PA Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands
+31 10 4081398 (Phone)
+31 10 4089146 (Fax)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Danielle Longerbone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Reinder Prins

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Marieke Van Ginkel

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
241
PlumX Metrics