A Rule-Based Medium-Term Fiscal Policy Framework for Tanzania
30 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2009
Date Written: November 2009
A zero net domestic financing (NDF) target has served Tanzania well in recent years, contributing to prudent expenditure policy, improved fiscal sustainability, and macroeconomic stability. Moving to a more flexible fiscal policy, however, may serve Tanzania better. The "diamond rule" proposed in this paper incorporates a permanent hard ceiling on debt and annual benchmark limits on NDF, expenditure growth, and nonconcessional external financing. This rule would provide flexibility for countercyclical policy and help define the fiscal space for infrastructure spending that is consistent with longrun fiscal sustainability. An illustrative simulation shows that Tanzania has considerable fiscal space for development spending.
Keywords: Budgetary policy, Budgeting, Cross country analysis, Debt sustainability, External borrowing, External debt, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Government expenditures, Public investment, Revenues, Tanzania
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