Madison in Post-9/11 Cyberspace: Applying Federalist No. 10 to the Online Battle for ‘Hearts and Minds’
Dawinder S. Sidhu
Georgetown University Law Center; University of New Mexico - School of Law
November 23, 2009
Journal of Internet Law, Vol. 13, No. 9 , p. 3
Though the Framers could never have imagined the technological world in which we currently live, we call upon them nonetheless to help us answer the most vexing social and legal problems that arise in this modern age. Recently, scholars have asked how the Framers’ views can guide our understanding of the Internet – a medium which assuredly they could not have anticipated. This Article continues that conversation by exploring James Madison’s Federalist No. 10, perhaps his most revered contribution to American political theory, and proposing how it may be of relevance to cyberspace in the post-9/11 context.
In particular, I argue that Madison’s take on the extended American republic, as described in Federalist No. 10, applies to the expansive Internet. The “factions” that Madison spoke of in Federalist No. 10 exist on the Internet; one of those factions includes the terrorist elements that are using the Internet, quite successfully, to propagate their messages and recruit moderate Muslims. Existing approaches to counterterrorism have addressed the need to thwart the terrorist factions through disabling their access to and use of the Internet. Drawing from Federalist No. 10, I suggest that, to the extent that the terrorist factions cannot be dismantled and thus remain in cyberspace, Americans should robustly compete with and diffuse the appeal of the terrorists online by furnishing descriptive information on the American constitutional structure and principles. In other words, an American faction should enter the online battle of ideas. I offer thoughts on how legal and social norms can support such a substantive American faction which aims to challenge the terrorist faction through online speech.
The current campaign against transnational terrorism is not producing desired results and the goals of the campaign are proving elusive. Minimizing or neutralizing the attraction of terrorist ideology will add an additional tool in the beleaguered war effort, one that will unleash the heretofore ignored “soft power” of the nation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: Madison, Federalist 10, Internet, Framers, terrorists, 9/11, al Qaeda, governance, faction
Date posted: December 1, 2009 ; Last revised: July 19, 2010