Ethnic Minority Enterprise in its Urban Context: South Asian Restaurants in Birmingham

Posted: 1 Dec 2009

See all articles by Monder Ram

Monder Ram

De Montfort University - School of Business; University of Birmingham - Birmingham Business School

Tahir Annas

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Balihar Sanghera

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

European ethnic minority business has entered a new phase of development, facilitated by the urban restructuring of late capitalism. The expansion of ethnic minority businesses has contributed significantly to a particular country's economy. Specific urban spatial elements have contributed to this unprecedented growth, shaping the pattern of opportunities open to ethnic minority enterprise: (1) the local economy (size, distribution of income), (2) socio-cultural characteristics (adaptation to emerging tastes and consuming patterns), (3) neighborhood variation(social geography creates spatially uneven customer potential), (4) spatial location, and (5) local state policy (the local regulatory and enterprise support regime). Using a previous framework (Rekers and van Kempen), it is argued that the urban setting itself helps create a changing mix of opportunities and constraints for racialized minority entrepreneurs. An "a-spatial" analysis is used, which emphasizes key actors such as customers, financial institutions, and enterprise support agencies. This study of the South Asian restaurant trade in Birmingham, England, includes a sample of 23 restaurants of the three major national-origin groups: seven Indian-owned, 8 Pakistani, and 8 Bangladeshi establishments. The demand and supply of South Asian restaurants is considered in terms of socio-cultural change, the labor market, and the political-institutional enterprise support. The findings suggest that location is a key to resource exploitation, influencing individual access to market potential. Besides strategic location, other resources -- like capital, information, and management skills -- contribute to the success of ethnic minority businesses.(CBS)

Keywords: Survival rates, Management skills, Local economies, Minorities, Ethnic entrepreneurs, Urban areas, Minority firms, Ethnic & racial groups, Capital, Access to information, Social factors, Firm location

Suggested Citation

Ram, Monder and Annas, Tahir and Sanghera, Balihar, Ethnic Minority Enterprise in its Urban Context: South Asian Restaurants in Birmingham (2002). International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 26, Issue 1, p. 24-40 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1513080

Monder Ram (Contact Author)

De Montfort University - School of Business ( email )

Department of Corporate Strategy
Leicester LE1 9BH
United Kingdom
+44 116 255.1551 (Phone)
+44 116 251.7548 (Fax)

University of Birmingham - Birmingham Business School ( email )

Edgbaston Park Road
Birmingham, B15 2TY
United Kingdom

Tahir Annas

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Balihar Sanghera

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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