The Large Maturity Smile for the Heston Model
Posted: 27 Nov 2009 Last revised: 4 Jun 2012
Date Written: November 26, 2009
Using the Gartner-Ellis theorem from large deviation theory, we characterize the leading-order behaviour of call option prices under the Heston model, in a new regime where the maturity is large and the log-moneyness is also proportional to the maturity. Using this result, we then derive the implied volatility in the large-time limit in the new regime, and we find that the large-time smile mimics the large-time smile for the Barndorff-Nielsen Normal Inverse Gaussian model. This makes precise the sense in which the Heston model tends to an exponential Levy process for large times. We find that the implied volatility smile does not flatten out as the maturity increases, but rather it spreads out, and the large-time, large-moneyness regime is needed to capture this effect. As a special case, we are able to rigourously prove the well known result by Lewis for the implied volatility in the usual large-time, fixed-strike regime, at leading order. We find that there are two critical strike values where there is a qualitative change of behaviour for the call option price, and we use a limiting argument to compute the asymptotic implied volatility in these two cases.
Keywords: Heston model, asymptotics, smile, large deviations, calibration
JEL Classification: G12, G13, C6
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation