The Emerging Recognition of Universal Civil Jurisdiction

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 100, p. 142, 2006

23 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2009 Last revised: 23 Aug 2013

Donald Francis Donovan

Independent

Anthea Roberts

Australian National University (ANU); School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet)

Date Written: January 1, 2006

Abstract

This paper traces the emerging recognition of universal civil jurisdiction, which is a doctrine that would permit victims of the most serious violations of international law to bring tort claims for damages in any national jurisdiction, regardless of the location of the conduct or the nationality of the victim or defendant. We examine the rationale for such a doctrine, the existence of state practice in support of and against, and the appropriate limitations that might operate on the exercise of such jurisdiction.

Keywords: jurisdiction, universal jurisdiction, universal civil jurisdiction, universal criminal jurisdiction, universal tort jurisdiction, Alien Tort Statute, Alien Tort Claims Act, Sosa, Ferrini, Bouzari, Jones, exhaustion of local remedies, complementarity, subsidiarity, human rights, jus cogens

Suggested Citation

Donovan, Donald Francis and Roberts, Anthea, The Emerging Recognition of Universal Civil Jurisdiction (January 1, 2006). American Journal of International Law, Vol. 100, p. 142, 2006 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1514358 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1514358

Donald Francis Donovan

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Anthea Roberts (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

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