Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Sustainability: Separate Pasts, Common Futures
Organization & Environment, Vol, 21, No. 3, pp. 245-69, September 2008
26 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2009 Last revised: 8 Mar 2021
Date Written: December 1, 2009
This article reviews the different definitions of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate sustainability (CS) used over time to reveal points of difference and congruence between the two terms. Management literature uses both CSR and CS to refer to social and environmental management issues, but there is no clear distinction between the two terms. First, the author quantifies the articles published about CSR and CS in both general management and specialized journals. Second, the author summarizes the different CSR- and CS-related definitions to identify the definitional differences between CSR and CS. Finally, the author identifies opportunities to reshape a rapidly changing field by enhancing collaboration among scholars devoted to studying CSR and CS issues.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility, social performance, sustainability, sustainable development, environmental management
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