The EU and Carbon Leakage: How to Reconcile Border Adjustments with the WTO?

European Energy and Environmental Law Review, Vol. 17, pp. 328-340, 2008

Posted: 10 Jan 2011

See all articles by Francesco Sindico

Francesco Sindico

University of Strathclyde - School of Law

Date Written: December 1, 2008

Abstract

Climate change is a global problem that needs a comprehensive international response. If countries adopt different measures this may lead to carbon leakage that then leads to further emissions and to competitiveness concerns from those countries that have adopted more stringent measures. One approach to deal with carbon leakage and competitiveness concerns is through the adoption of border adjustment measures. This paper focuses on possible climate border adjustment measures that may arise from the development of the current EU climate policy, the final goal being to determine their compatibility vis-à-vis the WTO regime.

Keywords: climate change, border adjustment measures, WTO, EU, emissions trading

JEL Classification: K32, K33

Suggested Citation

Sindico, Francesco, The EU and Carbon Leakage: How to Reconcile Border Adjustments with the WTO? (December 1, 2008). European Energy and Environmental Law Review, Vol. 17, pp. 328-340, 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1517954

Francesco Sindico (Contact Author)

University of Strathclyde - School of Law ( email )

Lord Hope Building
John Anderson Campus 141 St. James' Rd
Glasgow G4 0LT, Scotland G4 0LT
United Kingdom

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