Differentiation of Innovation Behavior of Manufacturing Firms in the New Member States: Cluster Analysis on Firm-Level Data

31 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2009

See all articles by Anna Wziatek-Kubiak

Anna Wziatek-Kubiak

Polish Academy of Sciences

Ewa Balcerowicz

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Marek Peczkowski

University of Warsaw - Faculty of Economic Sciences

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

This paper investigates the differences in innovation behaviour, i.e. differences in innovation sources and innovation effects, among manufacturing firms in three NMS: the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. It is based on a survey of firms operating in four manufacturing industries: food and beverages, automotive, pharmaceuticals and electronics. The paper takes into account: innovation inputs in enterprises, cooperation among firms in R&D activities, the benefits of cooperation with business partners and innovation effects (innovation outputs and international competitiveness of firms' products and technology) in the three countries. After employing cluster analysis, five types of innovation patterns were detected. The paper characterises and compares these innovation patterns, highlighting differences and similarities. The paper shows that external knowledge plays an important role in innovation activities in NMS firms. The ability to explore cooperation with business partners and the benefits of using external knowledge are determined by in-house innovation activities, notably R&D intensity.

Keywords: Innovation patterns of firms, strategy of innovation, innovation behaviour, innovation sources, taxonomies of innovative firms, EU new member states

JEL Classification: L25, O31, O32, 033

Suggested Citation

Wziatek-Kubiak, Anna and Balcerowicz, Ewa and Peczkowski, Marek, Differentiation of Innovation Behavior of Manufacturing Firms in the New Member States: Cluster Analysis on Firm-Level Data (2009). CASE Network Studies and Analyses No. 394, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1518349 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1518349

Anna Wziatek-Kubiak (Contact Author)

Polish Academy of Sciences ( email )

Institute of Economics
Warsaw
Poland

Ewa Balcerowicz

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Marek Peczkowski

University of Warsaw - Faculty of Economic Sciences ( email )

Hoza 69
Warszawa, Pl-00681
Poland

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