The Religious Transition - A Long-Run Perspective

Univ. of Aarhus Economics Working Paper No. 2009-15

38 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2009  

Martin Paldam

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics

Erich Gundlach

University of Hamburg

Date Written: December 4, 2009

Abstract

We use factor analysis to derive a robust measure of religiosity from items reported in five waves of the World Value Survey. Our measure of religiosity is negatively correlated with per capita income. Development apparently causes religiosity to fall to about half its pre-modern level. Most components of the demand for religion are reduced by development. The supply of religion declines once churches lose control over the institutions providing collective goods like education, health, and social security. These goods used to be supplied by churches jointly with religious services but tend to be supplied by the state with rising levels of development. Aspects of supply and demand are integrated in a CES production function framework that can explain the direction of causality in the observed negative correlation between income and religiosity.

Keywords: Levels of development, religiosity, biogeography

JEL Classification: O11, Z12

Suggested Citation

Paldam, Martin and Gundlach, Erich, The Religious Transition - A Long-Run Perspective (December 4, 2009). Univ. of Aarhus Economics Working Paper No. 2009-15. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1518351 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1518351

Martin Paldam (Contact Author)

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsparken
Building 350
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1133 (Phone)
+45 8613 6334 (Fax)

Erich Gundlach

University of Hamburg ( email )

Department of Economics
Von-Melle-Park 5
Hamburg, 20146
Germany
+49 40 428384589 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.erichgundlach.de

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