The Effect of Male Migration on Employment Patterns of Women in Nepal

Posted: 8 Dec 2009

See all articles by Michael Lokshin

Michael Lokshin

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG); National Research University Higher School of Economics

Elena Glinskayai

World Bank

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

What is the impact of male migration on the labor market behavior of women in Nepal? The instrumental variable full information maximum likelihood method is applied to data from the 2004 Nepal Household Survey to account for unobserved factors that could simultaneously affect men's decision to migrate and women's decision to participate in the labor market. The results indicate that male migration has a negative impact on the level of the labor market participation by women in the migrant-sending household. There is evidence of substantial heterogeneity (based on both observable and unobservable characteristics) in the impact of male migration. The findings highlight the important gender dimension of the impact of predominantly male migration on the well-being of sending households. Strategies for economic development in Nepal should take into account such gender aspects of the migration dynamics.

Keywords: O15, J21

Suggested Citation

Lokshin, Michael and Glinskaya, Elena, The Effect of Male Migration on Employment Patterns of Women in Nepal (2009). The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 481-507, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1519739 or http://dx.doi.org/lhp011

Michael Lokshin (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/mlokshin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Elena Glinskaya

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-477-1234 (Phone)
202-522-0356 (Fax)

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