Extending Market Power Through Vertical Integration
Melbourne Business School Working Paper 9902
31 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 1999
Date Written: February 23, 1999
This paper derives a model of vertical integration when it is difficult to write binding long-term supply price contracts. Thus, a vertically separated monopolist is vulnerable to hold-up. Without integration, we demonstrate that a bottleneck monopolist has an incentive to encourage more firms in a related segment than would arise in a pure monopoly. Having more firms mitigates the hold-up power of any one. This, however, distorts the cost structure of the industry toward greater industry output and, hence, lowers final good prices. Vertical integration mitigates the hold-up problem faced by the monopolist. It allows it to generate and appropriate a greater share of monopoly profits. Horizontal competition mitigates the anti-competitive effects of integration.
JEL Classification: L42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation